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But actually, life is not eluding — you are dodging life. Life is not trying to avoid you — you are trying to avoid it in so many ways. The bitter, painful experiences of life were never, ever caused by life. They were only caused by your inability to manage your mind and your body. Life has never caused any pain or suffering to you.

It is just the body and the mind. You do not know how to manage your mental structure and your physical structure. Two wonderful instruments were given to you, but you are messing it up. All the pain and suffering have come from yourself , not from life. Pragna is a dimension of perception that gives you access to life, the nature of life, and the source of life.

These are not different things — these are just different names we ascribe to life. There is no source and there is no manifestation — it is all the same.

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You can play a game on it and stop it one day. Life plays up and stops, plays up and stops, but the essential life is not a certain activity, not a certain happening. It is a phenomenon that is simply there. It is the background of creation. It is the source of creation. Twitter , facebook , rss or browser extensions , take your pick. This article is based on an excerpt from the May issue of Forest Flower. Pay what you want and download. Print subscriptions are also available. Unidirectional is just an expression of language and is very limited.

The ultimate goal should be clear, it should become the very breath, moment-to-moment. Then professional, social and family circumstances will all fall in place, will seem to have a role for achieving the goal. You mentioned your experience after Shambhavi Maha Mudra. Imagine if we could hold on this stillness in the background and perform all out external actions.


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Sadhguru says, if we have the necessary awareness, we can play with life any way we want, but still remain untouched. This is being unidirectional in a logical sense. But, it is only a logical usage of words to explain a realm that is beyond logic. I am practicing Shambhavi from last year. Lots of good changes happened in body and mind.

When I was in Bhava Spandana in the end I feel lots of emotions but it seems like that was the feeling of gratitude towards everything. Till now I didn't have any idea what is pragna. I feel absolute stillness sometimes while meditating after Shambhavi. But I am sure thats not it. Please help me with this topic more. Because slowly I feel like I am being crushed by this social and spiritual responsibilities towards myself. Yes, as I take it, if you are clear about your Ultimate goal in life and are unidirectional about it, that is to say, it becomes the Ultimate priority in your life, and everything else becomes a tool to help you attain it albeit it's a homecoming rather than an attainment, as he says , then the process becomes easy.

What I was referring to is that, in certain situations, say in solving an economic crisis, the Fed may have to adopt a bidirectional or a multi-directional approach. So, when you said that the key is to be unidirectional in any given situation and I took you literally! Yes, when it comes to the spiritual process, you got to remember: nishchalatattvam jeevanmuktihi You have told us - work is life.

Are you referring to the fact that most people are only investing a large part of their time and energy on their career goals, and not taking out time for sadhana? But you only said that if you're totally involved in anything, any work, that itself is sadhana. Yes, in one of the videos, you have explained how kriya, which involves 'inner' work is distinctly different from karma or action that is directed outwards. However, you are now coming up with the Isha Leadership Academy, wherein you will be training individuals to become leaders, and these individuals will mostly be career-oriented people, who may not be able to invest 3 hours in sadhana every day.

They may be able to take out min and do the basic practices, which you have said are sufficient for physical and material well-being, but if you want to know the source of life, then you need to direct all your energy towards it. So, I see a paradox in your discourse. It is said that Truth is contradictory in nature, but so contradictory! At times I feel that you are dabbling with everything, from cultivating more inclusive leadership to offering various methods for liberation.

If you become more unidirectional in your approach, perchance I will be able to progress faster Nice, Ashish Bhai. The most appropriate example for our conversation is our Master himself. The Goal is one, unidirectional and to take us to the Ultimate possibility but the approaches he uses are many, based on the external situations. If work becomes an offering, if work becomes a means of enhancing one's perception, it is Yoga by itself. The Yoga of Action or Karma Yoga is a state of performing when the self has become a little insignificant. It is a state when what we conduct as work and what we know as life are indistinguishable.

Any great piece of work that has become timeless, the doer has made himself insignificant and remains as an instrument for the Source to perform. Realized Masters work 20 - 22 hours a day not because they perceive it as work, but as part of their life. We as sadhaks might have certainly witnessed these moments of effortless action and tireless work. To sustain this state, moment-to-moment is the struggle at least my struggle. There is no substitute for the plain truth.

At 70 years on the planet I KNOW how blessed I am to have found my guru and I feel that the most effective appreciation and gratefulness I can demonstrate is to be as he is by transforming my potential into realization - everything else that I experience are temporary moments of imagination and fantasy which must be "RECREATED" if they are to be "re-experienced" because they have no existentially reality. Sadhguru, you have penetrated me to extreme levels of discomfort yet I have never experienced such inner joy at the destruction and reconstruction which is at work within.

When we "join" with anything, we then " know" that which we have joined with. Realization is a process and the only shortcut I know of comes by increasing one's desire to know which acts as the fuel to propel you through the transforming process Even I have the same question now and then. In such situation I just remind myself with Sadhguru says.

He says that I am not the body which is simply an accumulation of food, and I am also not the mind which is simply an accumulation of memory. I just remind that I should strive towards that. Namsakaram Sadhguru I got bit by big black carpenter ant but most amazing thing is while I thought to move it from my skin in that moment half of the ants body is falled but still head part continued to bite it really took some time to put it off, still scar remains, really it was life and death in moment. There afterwards according to ones longing they tend to go for deeper levels of sadhanas.

Yes, it is time consuming. But even if a person is very much career-oriented, if his longing is quite deep, he will find ways by which he can accommodate doing such sadhanas. Maybe there is nothing wrong or right in doing how much hours we spend in sadhanas, because our longing will naturally drive us in doing whats required. I reckon that if one has to make an effort to either 'accommodate' sadhana in their schedule or work, it means that it's not really become a part of us, for instance, we don't accommodate an act as simple as drinking water in our daily schedule.

What I am evincing is that to really go into the depths of anything, you need to invest time and yourself. Many times, my experience of Shambhavi is so intense that after the kriya, I want to just be still and reflect; not thinking about it, just being.


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Even the hata yogasanas, particularly the surya namaskar, the way it's taught here, is much more than an exercise. I never like to do it in haste, even the preparatory steps, so that I can experience it to the core. So, when you're directing all your energies and longing for something, you need to be clear on your priorities.

You cannot ask a political or economic leader, who is at the helm of affairs to invest that much time daily in his schedule, because it's not just about time; when the experience of the kriyas start becoming more intense, so much more opens up. You have to stay focused and channelise everything in one direction. Ashish Bhai, Well said. Being uni-directional at any given situation is the key. In May 7th article titled "Offering" Sadhguru explores this with a sweet story:.

Yes Sir, when I read the article, I thought Sadhguru had answered my questions to some extent, bringing out more clarity. I don't know if it would be appropriate to be unidirectional at any given situation, but I would definitely want to conduct my spiritual process by adopting a unidirectional approach! Toggle navigation. International Centers Europe 18 locations. The Essence of Life and Death Sadhguru looks at the essential nature of life and death and explains how they are one and the same. May 5, Lectures On Evolution.

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On Sleep and Sleeplessness. Early Greek Philosophy Illustrated Edition. John Burnet. Aristotle: The Complete Works. On the Gait of Animals. A E Taylor. Joseph Conrad. Nicomachean Ethics. George Eliot. Ethics Mobi Classics. Complete Works of Aristotle Delphi Classics.

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The Art of Rhetoric Collins Classics. The Organon. Ethics of Aristotle. The Basic Works of Aristotle. History of Animals. Physics Illustrated Edition. Aristotle: Poetics, Ethics, Politics, and Categories. Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Marcus Aurelius. Rhetoric Illustrated Edition. The Nicomachean Ethics. The Art of Rhetoric. Aristotle's "Politics". Visual acuity ability to discriminate fine detail is relatively poor in young children and improves up to young adulthood.

From about the middle 20s to the 50s there is a slight decline in visual acuity, and there is a somewhat accelerated decline thereafter. This decline is readily compensated for by the use of eyeglasses. There is also reduction in the size of the pupil with age. Consequently, vision in older people can be significantly improved by an increase in the level of illumination. Aging also brings about a reduction in the ability to change the focus of the eye for viewing near and far objects presbyopia , so that distant objects can ordinarily be seen more clearly than those close at hand.

This change in vision is related to a gradual increase in rigidity of the lens of the eye that takes place primarily between ages 10 and 55 years. After age 55 there is little further change. Many people in their 50s adopt bifocal glasses to compensate for this physiological change. Sensitivity to glare is also greater in the old than in the young.

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The incidence of diseases of the eye, such as glaucoma and cataracts characterized, respectively, by increased intra-ocular pressure and opaque lenses , increases with age, but advances in surgery and contact lenses have made it possible to remove cataracts and restore vision to many individuals. Hearing does not change much with age for tones of frequencies usually encountered in daily life. Above age 50, however, there is a gradual reduction in the ability to perceive tones at higher frequencies. Few persons over age 65 can hear tones with a frequency of 10, cycles per second.

This loss of perception of high frequencies interferes with identifying individuals by their voices and with understanding conversation in a group but does not ordinarily represent a serious limitation to the individual in daily life. Listening habits and intellectual level play an important role in determining the ability to understand speech , so that there is often a disparity between measurements of pure tone thresholds and ability to perceive speech.

After age 70 other sense organs may show a reduction in sensitivity. Reduced taste sensitivity is associated with atrophy and loss of taste buds from the tongue in the elderly. The effect of aging on the sense of smell has not been precisely determined because this sense is extremely difficult to assess quantitatively; in addition, smoking and exposure to occupational odours and noxious substances in the air influence sensitivity to smells.

Sensitivity to pain is difficult to evaluate quantitatively under controlled laboratory conditions. There is some evidence that it diminishes slightly after age There is a general slowing of responses in the elderly. Reflexes become slightly more sluggish, and the speed of conduction of impulses in nerves is slightly slowed. Old people require more time to respond to the appearance of a light than do young. The slowing with age is greater in situations where a decision must be made.

The primary age change in the skin is a gradual loss of elasticity. Although this basic change plays a role, other factors, such as exposure to the weather and familial traits, also contribute to the development of wrinkles and the pigmentation associated with senescence. The ability of the skin to take up slack and remain closely adherent to the underlying structures is due to the presence of fibres of the proteins elastin and collagen. Studies of the minute structures of the skin show a gradual reduction in elastin.

In addition, the collagen fibres show an increase in cross-links , which greatly restricts the elastic properties of the collagen network. Because of the importance of hormones in the regulation of many physiological systems, impairments in the endocrine system have traditionally been cited as important determinants in aging.

Thyroxine , the hormone secreted by the thyroid gland , regulates the level of activity of all the cells of the body. When thyroxine secretion is reduced, all metabolic processes proceed at a reduced rate and basal metabolism falls. Metabolism consists of the chemical changes taking place within the cells of an organism during the processes of growth and restoration of tissues and the production of energy necessary for bodily processes; basal metabolism is the metabolism, as measured by the rate at which heat is given off, when an organism is in a resting and fasting state.

Since basal metabolism decreases with age, it seemed reasonable to ascribe aging to a loss of thyroid function, but this assumption has proved to be incorrect. Experimental studies have shown that the ability of the thyroid gland to produce thyroxine is not reduced in the elderly, and that there is a reduction in the utilization of thyroxine in various tissues of the body.


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  4. Further studies of cellular metabolism are needed to find out why this is so. Since aging is associated with reduced ability to adjust to stresses, and since the adrenal cortex the outer part of the adrenal gland plays a role in many of these adjustments, numerous attempts have been made to assess senescent changes in the function of the adrenal cortex. Although after the age of 50 there is a reduction in blood levels of the hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex, the ability of the gland to produce hormones when stimulated by the experimental administration of adrenocorticotrophic hormone ACTH , the pituitary hormone that regulates the activity of the adrenal cortex, has been shown to be as good in the old as in the young.

    The pituitary gland is often referred to as the master gland of the body, since it produces hormones that stimulate the activities of other endocrine glands, such as the adrenal, the thyroid, and the ovary. It was therefore once assumed that reduction in the function of these glands associated with aging is due to lack of proper stimulation from the pituitary gland. Methods for determination of the very small amounts of these regulating hormones present in the blood have been developed and as yet no systematic studies of age differences in blood levels of these hormones have been reported.

    The pancreas secretes insulin , the hormone that regulates the utilization of sugar and other nutrients in the body. When the pancreas fails to produce adequate amounts of insulin, diabetes mellitus occurs. One test for diabetes involves measuring the rate of removal of sugar from the blood—that is, the glucose tolerance test. One characteristic of aging is a reduction in the rate of removal of excess sugar from the blood.

    At present it is not known whether this represents the early stages of diabetes or whether it is a normal age change. It does appear in aged individuals who do not show any of the other symptoms of diabetes.

    Furthermore, it has been shown that, unlike the diabetic, elderly subjects can, with additional stimulation, produce more insulin. In normal young persons, the pancreas releases more insulin in response to even a slight rise in blood sugar levels. In the elderly, the sensitivity of the pancreas is reduced so that a higher level of blood sugar is required to stimulate it to action.

    With maximum stimulation the pancreas in the aged can produce as much insulin as the pancreas in the young. It has long been known that the excretion of both male and female sex hormones diminishes with age. In the female, the excretion of estrogens female sex hormones falls markedly at menopause. Sexual activity, as reported in interview studies, diminishes progressively between the ages of 20 and 60 in both males and females. In males the frequency of marital intercourse falls from an average of four per week in year-olds to one per week in year-olds. Practically all males aged 20—45 reported some level of sexual activity.

    Between the ages of 45 and 60 only about 5 percent of males reported loss of sexual activity. Few systematic studies have been made of sexual behaviour in individuals over the age of 60, but clinical reports indicate that at least some males remain sexually active at There are wide individual differences in the level of sexual activity in both males and females. In humans, sexual behaviour is influenced more by psychological and social factors than by the levels of sex hormones circulating in the blood. Nevertheless, the use of male sex hormones has had a long, and stormy, history as a rejuvenating agent for males.

    Attempts to rejuvenate elderly males by injecting crude extracts from testicles of animals, as well as various androgenic compounds , were made, but the effects, if any, were only transitory. In the early s, sex glands from other animals were transplanted into humans, but the results were questionable and the side effects were often disastrous. At about the same time, an operation was devised in which the spermatic ducts were tied off. It was assumed that preventing the loss of sperm would stimulate the sex glands to produce androgenic hormones which would rejuvenate the individual.

    None of these assumptions proved correct, so that operation was soon abandoned as a rejuvenating procedure. Since tissue loss does occur with aging, the administration of anabolic steroids hormones that promote the buildup of tissues may represent an important future development. The compounds that are available have a number of undesirable side effects and cannot be used routinely. Chemists and pharmacologists continue research to produce new steroids that will have anabolic effects without the undesirable side effects. With aging, the bones gradually lose calcium.

    As a result, they become more fragile and are more likely to break, even with minor falls. Healing of fractures is also slower in the old than in the young.